Diabetes Mellitus or simply diabetes is very common in our today society. We have special clinics in our hospitals whereby we follow up patients with diabetes in order to optimize their diabetes control and the drugs for diabetes in our patients. In these visits, we also emphasize on diet, lifestyle and general care for people with diabetes. On the care, we educate our patients on the care of the feet in order to prevent diabetes ulcers/foot since it’s easy to get ulcers if not careful due to reduced protective sensation of pain and the healing is slower compared to general population since there is usually compromise of the blood supply from micro-vascular disease. When infected, it’s not easy to treat because of the compromised reach of the antibiotics due to the same. If care is
Cancer treatment is associated with weakening of your immune system hence making it difficult for your body to protect you against infections. Chemotherapy attacks cancer cell but also other types of cells in the body such as neutrophils, a type of white blood cells which protects you against infections hence leaving your body at increased risk of infections and easier for you to get sick. Any surgery poses risk of infection hence surgeries for cancer are not an exception. Some cancers such as lymphomas and leukemias may stop the bone marrow from producing white blood cells which fight infections. This article is to highlight on measures you can take to reduce the risk of infection and stay healthy during cancer treatment. Wash your hands frequently with soap and water, you can...
Dizziness or lightheadedness as a symptom is so common nowadays here at the coast of Kenya because of increased heat. So many people consult me in person or over the phone about them feeling dizzy sometimes. Even my own sister experienced dizziness just recently, hence the decision to write about the common causes of dizziness and what to do about it. It is important to note that by dizziness here we mean the feeling that you are about to faint or ‘pass out’ and not vertigo whereby you feel either you or your surroundings are moving. Dizziness is a common symptom that’s not usually a sign of anything serious especially when brief, but should be investigated by a doctor. See your doctor when worried, prolonged dizziness, repeated episodes of dizziness or particularly when you experie
A lot of research has been done to determine the health effects of using social media and well-being in general with conflicting results. Some of the studies found that using social media such as Facebook, Twitter and Instagram results in increased risk of depression, reduced self-esteem and increased feeling of insecurity. While other studies found the opposite of this, a simple comment by a friend can boost significantly the user’s mood. According to a new study on 12 Million Facebook users, social networking sites are associated with a longer life when used right that is used to enhance and not replace real-life social interactions. People with larger real-life social networks tend to live longer, and now it has been seen that online friendships play a significant role too. “I
The World Health Organisation (WHO) has urged governments around the world to increase the tax of sugary drinks in order to fight the global epidemics of increased obesity and type 2 diabetes around the world, the WHO said in “Fiscal Policies for Diet and Prevention of Non-communicable Diseases”, a report issued on World Obesity Day. It is their hope that by increasing the tax of sweet drinks the prices would go up and hence less consumption. This would decrease obesity in our population since sugary drinks is one of the major contributors of obesity especially childhood obesity and hence reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes among other deadly diseases. According to the Ministry of health, a third of Kenyan women are either overweight or obese attributed to poor nutrition.
It may come as a surprise to many, but it is not advisable to remove wax by using cotton swabs. Cotton swabs are so popular in removing wax. You wouldn’t miss cotton swabs from our shops and supermarkets. Health experts and Ear, Nose and Throat (ENT) specialists advises people not to use cotton buds to remove wax because it encourages impaction and can lead to you puncturing your eardrum, instead they advocate for patients to leave the wax to migrate out of the ear on its own. If the wax is soft, remove by syringing with clean, warm water. If the wax is hard but not blocking the eardrum, you can remove with a hook or by gentle syringing with clean, warm water. If the wax is hard and blocking the ear canal, soften over few days with constant use of water, wax solvents or liquid para
By Dr Ali Omar Diabetes mellitus or simply diabetes is a serious non communicable disease affecting many people around the world. Diabetes is on the rise in Kenya and around the world. About 1% of total deaths in Kenya were due to Diabetes in 2012 according to WHO. The prevalence of diabetes in 2014 in Kenya was at 6%. According to CDC 2011, 1 million Americans are suffering from type 1 diabetes, 26 million have type 2 and 79 Million have pre-diabetes in the United states of America. Most if not all hospitals in Kenya have Diabetic clinic whereby patients suffering from diabetes are being treated and followed up. Type 1 diabetes is managed with Insulin and strict diet as advised by the nutritionist or dietician, this should be clear. Pre-Diabetes and type 2 diabetes c...
By Dr Ali Omar Hypertension is responsible for 0.6% of total deaths in Kenya according to WHO data published 2014. According to a research done in Nairobi Slums 1 out of 8 adults has hypertension and only half of them know or are being treated for hypertension. According to the American Heart Association, hypertension affects approximately 75 Million adults in the United States of America. This means 29% of adults in the US are hypertensive, of these 7 % don’t know they have hypertension. Hypertension is responsible for 1.6 Million deaths each year worldwide. All these epidemiology statistics of hypertension is to show you how common it is and that it causes great burden in our health sector. Hypertension is a serious disease affecting many people and it should be taken
By Dr Evans Makokha I am sure many of you have heard the adage- is a tomato a fruit or a vegetable? Many a times this anecdote has been used to explain the difference between wisdom and knowledge. Once I did ask an old-man in my village the same question. The reply was simple neat and to the point. Its basic knowledge to know that a tomato is a fruit: but it’s wise not to include it in a fruit salad. Botanically, the tomato is classified as a fruit. However, it lacks the dessert quality sweetness of other fruits. Most of our foods in our cultures are prepared with tomatoes as a significant ingredient. Indeed many people consider tomatoes a basic ingredient in many foods. However, very few understand and appreciate the vital health and nutritive value the “fruit” bears..The French ca
By Dr. Loise Mbau Shisha, sheesha or Hookah is now the new ‘it’ drug consisting of fruit flavoured tobacco. Shisha is the new Trend especially among the youth of Kenya. Its popularity seems to be increasing by the day and is a booming business for club owners in Kenya some even opening shisha lounges. It is seen as a ‘cool’ behavior. A smoking session last about one hour and the cost ranges from 300 shilling to 2000 shillings here in Kenya. Until recently, shisha was a drug used mainly by the Asian community in Kenya. Unknown to many however, shisha has been used for more than 500 years. The flavoured tobacco tastes smooth and smells sweet making its smoking an enjoyable experience. There’s a misconception that smoking shisha is less harmful than smoking cigarettes. Accord