Medical Information

Here we share information on medical conditions.

Gastroenteritis and food poisoning.

Gastroenteritis and food poisoning.

Medical Information, Medicine, Paediatric
Gastroenteritis (GE) is inflammation of the stomach and small intestines presenting with nausea, vomiting, abdominal discomfort or pain and diarrhoea. Food poisoning is the illness as a result of consumption of contaminated food with bacteria, viruses, parasites as well as chemical and natural toxins. Food poisoning also presents just like Gastroenteritis. In Kenya Gastroenteritis is very common in children. Many children presents in our hospitals with diarrhoea. Food poisoning is also common in Kenya especially following consumption or undercooked meat in joints or food not handle hygienically. Just recently opposition leader Raila Odinga was treated with food poisoning. Gastroenteritis may be of nonspecific, uncertain, or unknown etiology or of bacterial, viral, parasitic, o...
What is Pelvic Inflammatory disease?

What is Pelvic Inflammatory disease?

Medical Information, Obstretics and gynecology
Pelvic Inflammatory disease (PID) is the infection and inflammation of the upper female genital tract which includes the uterus, fallopian tubes and adjacent pelvic structures. If not treated, infection spreads to the abdomen including liver structures leading to Fitz-hugh-curtis syndrome. It is common in menstruating women below age 25 years of age who has multiple sexual partners which predisposes her to sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and not on contraception. It is common where their is high prevalence of STIs. Pelvic inflammatory disease is initiated by infection of the vagina and cervix by sexually transmitted organism such as Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoea as the most common organisms among others which ascends to the upper female genital tract. P...
Malaria in Kenya.

Malaria in Kenya.

Medical Information, Medicine, Paediatric
As a medical practitioner in a malaria endemic region Mombasa city down at the coast of Kenya, I see a lot of patients with malaria. Malaria is one of the leading causes of Morbidity and Mortality in Kenya, it accounts to about 15% of all outpatients attendance in the country’s health facilities. It’s common in the Lake Victoria region of western Kenya and the Coastal region. Children and pregnant mothers are a high risk population for Malaria. Malaria is caused by parasitic organism of the Plasmodium species. There are 5 types, P. Falciparum, P. Vivax, P. Ovale, P. Malariae and new species P. knowlesi. Plasmodium Falciparum is the most aggressive and causes severe disease. Malaria is transmitted by an infected female anopheles mosquito who has fed on the blood of an infected per
Hematuria – blood in urine.

Hematuria – blood in urine.

Medical Information, Surgery
Hematuria is the presence of Red blood (blood) cells in urine. Remember, consider presence of blood in urine in women during their menses as false positive. Causes Traumatic – accidents, injury to the pelvic region and during catheterization. Never catheterize in hematuria since it passes through prostatic vessels and the patient can further bleed clots. Tumors as one of the most common causes of hematuria. Transisitional cell carcinoma accounts for 95% of the cases. Drugs such as warfarin, heparin and aspirin interfere with clotting. Bleeding disorders such as haemophilia A and B, von will brand disease etc. Infections such as urinary tract infection, bilharzia and schistosomiasis. Some causes are idiopathic meaning are not known. Remember that rifampicin drug
Care of the feet for people with Diabetes – Diabetes ulcers/foot infections.

Care of the feet for people with Diabetes – Diabetes ulcers/foot infections.

General Health, Medical Information, Medicine, Surgery
Diabetes Mellitus or simply diabetes is very common in our today society. We have special clinics in our hospitals whereby we follow up patients with diabetes in order to optimize their diabetes control and the drugs for diabetes in our patients. In these visits, we also emphasize on diet, lifestyle and general care for people with diabetes. On the care, we educate our patients on the care of the feet in order to prevent diabetes ulcers/foot since it’s easy to get ulcers if not careful due to reduced protective sensation of pain and the healing is slower compared to general population since there is usually compromise of the blood supply from micro-vascular disease. When infected, it’s not easy to treat because of the compromised reach of the antibiotics due to the same. If care is
Vasalgel- Reversible male contraceptive in the making proves 100% success rate in monkeys.

Vasalgel- Reversible male contraceptive in the making proves 100% success rate in monkeys.

Obstretics and gynecology, SEXUAL HEALTH, TRENDING
Vasalgel an experimental new type of male contraceptive that uses gel to block sperm flow has proven 100% success rates in monkey trials. This is news we all have been waiting for since we want to reduce the burden of contraception from our women. Contraceptive pills for male had been developed but later withdrawn due to their many side effects. Men contraceptive options are use of barrier method i.e condoms, withdrawing and vasectomy a permanent form of male contraception. Vasalgel brings hope to men who want to reduce the burden of contraception from their women as a reversible option for them. Currently, about 20% of men are already using the available options of male contraception. Vasalgel is injected into vas deferens the tubes that sperm flows down into the penis and acts as ...
Postpartum depression: – Ignorance, stigma and association to lack of faith in Africa of mental illnesses.

Postpartum depression: – Ignorance, stigma and association to lack of faith in Africa of mental illnesses.

Medical Information, Medical Stories, Medicine
Postpartum depression, also known as postnatal depression is one of the mental illnesses which most African communities are quite ignorant about. Stigma around mental illnesses is worrisome in Africa and the illnesses are sometimes associated with lack of faith in religion, as portrayed in a thread I was reading in the Divorce Diaries of Jaruma Magazine, an online magazine of Nigeria. A 47 year old man divorced her wife after years of a happy marriage because she was not herself after giving birth. Doctors advised that it was Postpartum/postnatal depression but the family took the mother back home where she was secluded and was given herbal medicine. ‘My ever smiling Habiba became withdrawn and moody. Her ever smiling face was replaced by a permanent frown. Habiba had locked herself
Beyonce pregnant with Twins, Here are the complications of multiple pregnancies including twin pregnancy.

Beyonce pregnant with Twins, Here are the complications of multiple pregnancies including twin pregnancy.

Obstretics and gynecology, TRENDING
Beyonce, 35 year old singer announced that she is pregnant with twins on her social media. Beyonce Jay-Z’s wife announced the news by putting her big bump in an Instagram snap posted on Wednesday 1/2/2017. She didn’t say her due date but according to the picture she is believed to be four or five months pregnant. 'We would like to share our love and happiness. We have been blessed two times over. We are incredibly grateful that our family will be growing by two, and we thank you for your well wishes.’- Beyonce Knowles. The news thrilled her fans who congratulated her. We also congratulate her. Having multiple pregnancy in which twin pregnancy is the commonest is not an easy task since it is associated with many complications for both the mother and the babies. We will highlight some
Lymphatic Filariasis – Elephantiasis, neglected tropical crippling disease.

Lymphatic Filariasis – Elephantiasis, neglected tropical crippling disease.

HealthCare in Kenya, Medical Information, Medicine, Surgery
Lymphatic filariasis also called elephantiasis is a disease caused by filarial parasitic worms that can lead to swellings of the limbs and genitalia. This usually leads to social stigma and severe disability of the patient making them to stay at home and not doing productive work hence economic loss. Currently the disease is affecting 120 million people with 40 million suffering the severe form of the disease around the world. The disease is endemic mainly in India, Africa and South America. In Kenya over 3 million people are at risk of the disease mostly the poor communities where sanitation is poor and mosquito breeding is rampant. There are campaigns on going to eradicate the disease by 2020. The government of Kenya set aside 1 Billion Kenya shilling for eradication of elephantia...
Common causes of dizziness

Common causes of dizziness

General Health, Medical Information, Medicine
Dizziness or lightheadedness as a symptom is so common nowadays here at the coast of Kenya because of increased heat. So many people consult me in person or over the phone about them feeling dizzy sometimes. Even my own sister experienced dizziness just recently, hence the decision to write about the common causes of dizziness and what to do about it. It is important to note that by dizziness here we mean the feeling that you are about to faint or ‘pass out’ and not vertigo whereby you feel either you or your surroundings are moving. Dizziness is a common symptom that’s not usually a sign of anything serious especially when brief, but should be investigated by a doctor. See your doctor when worried, prolonged dizziness, repeated episodes of dizziness or particularly when you experie