Medical Information

Here we share information on medical conditions.

Genital herpes vaccine may soon be available.

Genital herpes vaccine may soon be available.

Medical Information, Medicine, SEXUAL HEALTH, TRENDING
Genital herpes is mainly caused by herpes simplex virus 2 (HSV-2) but can also be caused by herpes simplex 1 (HSV-1) due to oral sex, the latter recently being increasingly common. Type 1 herpes causes oral herpes associated with cold sores around the mouth. Most people are carriers of the infection and are not exhibiting any symptoms hence unaware that they have been infected. The herpes virus is spread by skin-to-skin contact and can be transmitted during vaginal, oral or anal sex. A study done in 1998 indicated that genital herpes is the most common sexually transmitted infection (STI) by the number of cases and 1.1 billion people around the world (15.9%) had asymptomatic genital herpes by 2013. The most common symptom is lesions on the genitalia, other symptoms may include pain,...
Asthma

Asthma

Medical Information, Medicine, Paediatric
Asthma is a chronic inflammatory lung disease characterized by airway narrowing and increased airway responsiveness to a variety of stimuli. Asthma presents with cough, chest tightness, difficulty or shortness of breath (dyspnea) and wheezing usually associated to a certain triggering event. Epidemiology It is estimated that 300 million people have asthma around the world. It affects about 26 million people in the United States. Prevalence of asthma is 10% in Kenya compared with international prevalence which is about 2-10%. It is common in urban than rural areas here in Kenya. It is common in children, more common in male up to the age of 20 years of age where there is no difference in the sexes. After age of 40 years, it becomes common in women. In Kenya it is common i...

Lifestyle modifications in Diabetes.

General Health, Medical Information
By Dr Ali Omar Diabetes mellitus or simply diabetes is a serious non communicable disease affecting many people around the world. Diabetes is on the rise in Kenya and around the world. About 1% of total deaths in Kenya were due to Diabetes in 2012 according to WHO. The prevalence of diabetes in 2014 in Kenya was at 6%. According to CDC 2011, 1 million Americans are suffering from type 1 diabetes, 26 million have type 2 and 79 Million have pre-diabetes in the United states of America. Most if not all hospitals in Kenya have Diabetic clinic whereby patients suffering from diabetes are being treated and followed up. Type 1 diabetes is managed with Insulin and strict diet as advised by the nutritionist or dietician, this should be clear. Pre-Diabetes and type 2 diabetes c...

Complications of Diabetes Mellitus

Medical Information, Medicine
By Dr Ali Omar The complications of Diabetes mellitus are divided into Acute and chronic. Acute Complications of Diabetes Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) This is a major medical emergency seen especially in people with type 1 diabetes. The patient usually develops inter-current infections leading to loss of appetite so they think at this time they don’t need the insulin so much. It is characterised by biochemical features Hyperglycemia, hyperkeratonemia (high ketone bodies) and metabolic acidosis. Hyperglycemia causes profound osmotic diuresis leading to dehydration and electrolyte loss especially sodium and potassium. Ketones also accumulate in the blood due to increased lipolysis. All patients are usually depleted of potassium even though it might not show in the bloo

Diabetes Mellitus

Medical Information, Medicine
By Dr Ali Omar Diabetes mellitus or simply diabetes is defined as a clinical syndrome characterised by high blood sugar/glucose level (hyperglycemia) due to absolute or relative insulin deficiency. Introduction Diabetes is on the rise in Kenya and around the world. About 1% of total deaths in Kenya were due to Diabetes in 2012 according to WHO. The prevalence of diabetes in 2014 in Kenya was at 6%. According to CDC 2011, 1 million Americans are suffering from type 1 diabetes, 26 million have type 2 and 79 Million have pre-diabetes in the United states of America. There are mainly two types of Diabetes. Type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Diabetes is due to combination of genetic and environmental factors such as diet, obesity and lack of exercise. Diabetes is a seri...

Lifestyle Modifications in Hypertension

General Health, Medicine
By Dr Ali Omar Hypertension is responsible for 0.6% of total deaths in Kenya according to WHO data published 2014. According to a research done in Nairobi Slums 1 out of 8 adults has hypertension and only half of them know or are being treated for hypertension. According to the American Heart Association, hypertension affects approximately 75 Million adults in the United States of America. This means 29% of adults in the US are hypertensive, of these 7 % don’t know they have hypertension. Hypertension is responsible for 1.6 Million deaths each year worldwide. All these epidemiology statistics of hypertension is to show you how common it is and that it causes great burden in our health sector. Hypertension is a serious disease affecting many people and it should be taken

Hypertension

Medical Information, Medicine
By Dr Ali Omar Hypertension is defined as systolic blood pressure of 140 mmHg or more, or a diastolic blood pressure of 90 mmHg or more or taking anti-hypertensive drugs. Equal or above 140/90mmHg blood pressure. Hypertension is a silent killer since it damages our body organs over a period of time without even knowing it or presenting any symptoms. Hypertension is mostly diagnosed during routine hospital check-ups when a person visits the hospital and the blood pressure is measured. Hypertension is diagnosed when a person has high blood pressure as mentioned in the definition above taken 5 minutes apart after resting and blood pressure measured on 3 different occasions still being high. Exercise, anxiety, discomfort, unfamiliar surrounding and just seeing a doctor termed as w...
Benign Breast Diseases/Disorders

Benign Breast Diseases/Disorders

Medical Information, Surgery
Many of us are well versed with Breast Cancer, but the breast can be affected like any other tissue in the body with several diseases such as infections and abscess and presenting with lumps, pain, discomfort, nipple discharge and skin wound or discoloration. In this article we will just give an overview of some of the benign conditions affecting the breast. For Breast cancer see our article www.healthjournal254.com/breast-cancer/ This is the most common cause of breast problems and up to 30% of women will suffer benign breast disorder  at some time in their lives. Congenital anomalies Amazia – absence of the breast may occur on one or both sides. Common in men Polymazia – accessory breasts – in the axilla (most frequent site), groin, buttock and thighs. They have been known to
Breast Cancer

Breast Cancer

Medical Information, Surgery
Introduction to Breast Cancer We want to note that not all breast disease or lump is Breast Cancer, there are many benign diseases that affect the breast. These include Duct ectasia, Periductal Mastitis, Galactorrhea, Intraductal Papilloma, Fibroadenoma among others. Breast cancer is the Malignant disease of the breast. Breast Cancer is so common that it affects 1 in every 9 women, that is about 10%. The peak age of Breast Cancer is 40 – 60 years of age. Breast cancer has insidious development meaning that it remains silent for long (2-7 years) before showing any clinical features hence the need of screening for early diagnosis and treatment. Breast cancer contributes to 23.3% of all cancer deaths in Kenya. This is attributed to late diagnosis and inaccessibility to t
Contraception – Family planning options.

Contraception – Family planning options.

Medical Information, Obstretics and gynecology
As we face hard economic times here in Kenya, many families are conscious about the number of children they want to have. I have been asked about family planning or contraception options so many times, especially by women on the streets, at home and at the hospital. Besides the options, they usually also want to know about the side effects, since there are so many myths about the contraception methods side effects. In this article we would just have an overview on the topic. Introduction Contraceptives are devices or methods for preventing pregnancy either by preventing the fertilisation of the female egg by the male sperm or by preventing implantation of the fertilised egg on the uterus. According to statistics, half of the pregnancies are unplanned for and half of them en...