Medical Information

Here we share information on medical conditions.

Fertility based awareness method as a mode of Contraception or Family Planning.

Fertility based awareness method as a mode of Contraception or Family Planning.

Medical Information, Obstretics and gynecology
Fertility based awareness method is a traditional method, among the oldest methods of contraception or family planning and still in use today. This type of Contraception uses the knowledge and identification of the fertile window of the menstrual cycle. Knowledge of these methods is very important for their effectiveness. When used correctly, its effectiveness is very high and pregnancy rates are between 1-9% only. Some of these methods are:- Periodic abstinence Coitus interruptus or the withdrawal method Post coital douche Periodic abstinence In this type of contraception or family planning, the couple avoids coitus during the fertile period around ovulation. Fertilisation occurs in the fallopian tubes after ovulation which is on the 14th Day of the menstrual cy...
ONCE IN A BLUE MOON (RARE DISEASES)

ONCE IN A BLUE MOON (RARE DISEASES)

Medical Information, Medical Stories
By Dr. Laura Odero Several hours spent watching television may not be entirely bad for you. On the contrary you might expand your pool of knowledge. Imagine suffering from a disease so rare it has barely been heard of or a condition that remains a medical mystery among health care professionals. Over the years I’ve followed medical documentaries and come across numerous conditions, most of which were new to me .While I found most bizarre, three of them completely baffled me. Strangely, if not coincidentally they all began with the letter P.   PROGERIA Hutchinson- Gilford progeria is an extremely rare genetic condition. To date only 53 cases have been reported. Awkwardly reminiscent of the film ‘The curious case of Benjamin Burton’, it is characterized by accelerate
Placentophagia – The Tradition of eating the placenta after giving birth.

Placentophagia – The Tradition of eating the placenta after giving birth.

Medical Information, Medical Stories
By Dr. Loise Mbau Wednesdays happen to be my favorite day of the week, its elective caesarean section day. This means no long ward round and I get to spend my day in the theatre.  This Wednesday, just before one cs, the patient says she wants a word with the consultant.  Many of us are curious so we stay behind, thankfully the consultant does not send us away. You can imagine our shock when the woman tells the consultant that her placenta should not be disposed but kept as she wants to eat it. I have heard a lot about this tradition but I didn’t believe I would see it for myself one day. I thought that with modernization these practices had faded away and I wouldn’t encounter it during my practice. Placentophagia is the eating of the placenta whether raw or cooked. There’s an
Bilateral tubal ligation as a type of Contraception

Bilateral tubal ligation as a type of Contraception

Medical Information, Medical Stories, Obstretics and gynecology
By Dr. Evans Mokokha. In this patriachal society, majority of the women in the developing countries live in the shadows of the husbands and are customarily obligated to be submissive to their husbands. The women are made to bring forth heirs to the husbands. The women give birth to children in the entirety of their reproductive life and more so to satisfy the husband’s egocentrism if she has been baring daughters only. There are reports of women giving birth up to 8 children and above here in Kenya. Recently, I came across a woman who had 6 children. In her community she was considered infertile. Such large families and poor inter-child spacing places the mother and children at risk. More so, the family resources are stretched to the limit and these ripple effects trickles up to
Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs)

Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs)

Medical Information, Medicine, Obstretics and gynecology
Urinary tract infections is a common disease in the outpatient setting in Kenya, but in some cases, requires the patient to be admitted. It is more common in women than men due to anatomy. This infection is common in pregnant women. A study done at KNH found that the prevalence of Urinary Tract Infection in pregnant women presenting with lower abdominal pains was about 26.7%. There are variations in other locations due to the differences in environment, social habits of the community, standards of personal hygiene and level of education. Urinary Tract Infections (UTI’s) is an infection of the Urinary tract- urethra, bladder and the kidneys. It can be classified into: - Asymptomatic bacteriuria -where the infection does not present any symptoms. In this type there are actively m
UNDERSTANDING AUTISM

UNDERSTANDING AUTISM

Medical Information, Medicine
By Dr. Frank K. Gitau Autism is a disorder of neural origin whereby the brain’s information processing is altered through nerve cells organization as well as synaptic connections between them. The mechanism that leads to this is not well understood and is characterized by poor social interaction and communication (both verbal and non-verbal). Autism has strong genetic basis in many families thus hereditary. It’s proposed that one possible mechanism is epigenetic DNA modification of the GADD45 gene that’s activity-dependent and abnormally expressed in some patients with autism. There are some related association with environmental causes such as pesticides and heavy metals, medical conditions such as hypertension and diabetes mellitus. The vaccination myths of autism have been pro
SCHIZOPHRENIA: THE RISING SCURGE

SCHIZOPHRENIA: THE RISING SCURGE

Medical Information, Medicine
With the rising numbers of depression among the youth and young adults in Kenya today, recurrence rates of schizophrenia and schizophrenic disorders are on the rise. About 24million people are affected by the condition with 50% not receiving appropriate care and the highest number of untreated schizophrenia being in developing countries. The recurrence rates are high among populations in the low socioeconomic class. The stigma that comes about with the disease leads most patients into not seeking appropriate medical care in the notions of it being a curse and lack of support from the family and community which is an integral part of management of the disease. This has led to the formation of the Schizophrenic Foundation of Kenya (SFK) that seeks to increase knowledge; understanding and...
POST TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER (PTSD)-AMONG PHYSICIANS.

POST TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER (PTSD)-AMONG PHYSICIANS.

General Health, HealthCare in Kenya, Medical Information
By Dr. Ali Omar This Blog Post is dedicated to creating awareness of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), a disabling Mental Illness among physicians. As a practicing doctor in Kenya, I have seen a lot of human suffering and I am on the front line of a lot of death, disease, disability and despair. I have been called many times in the wee hours of the night by relatives, friends and just acquaintances to go and certify death. As doctors, we go through a lot of psychological trauma in our practice. Due to this, many Doctors turn to alcohol as a getaway. Doctors are known to be the worst smokers and drunkards! Suicide prevalence is higher among Physicians than the General population. A doctor has been quoted saying that he has been a doctor for 20 years and he has not lost...
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

General Health, Medical Information, Medicine
This Blog Post is dedicated to Create awareness of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, a disabling Mental Illness. Post-Election violence in Kenya, December 2007,  left scores dead, injured, displaced while others bear the physical and mental scars of sexual violence. According to Human Rights Watch, 900 women and girls were victims of Sexual violence during the Post-Election period and many cases likely went unreported. “Women were talking about having sleepless nights, not being able to concentrate at work because they keep thinking about the rape, and let’s not forget that these women were not just raped, they were also affected just like other victims of the post-election violence by losing their homes, losing their loved ones – husbands, children – in the violence,” said Agnes O
CHICKENPOX OUTBREAK IN MOMBASA AND NAIROBI.

CHICKENPOX OUTBREAK IN MOMBASA AND NAIROBI.

General Health, Medical Information, Paediatric, TRENDING
Just last week, a 4-year-old boy in a Sub-county Hospital in Mombasa came in with chicken-pox symptoms. The Mother explained to me that there has been an outbreak of Chickenpox in their neighborhood and was just worried about her son, prompting her to seek consultation. The Ministry of Health had indeed confirmed that there is an outbreak of Chickenpox in Mombasa and Nairobi counties in Kenya. Speaking on phone to Daily Nation, Director of Medical Services Jackson Kioko said that Chickenpox outbreaks happens a lot during holidays and they pick up cases through enhanced awareness among the public. He also explained that chickenpox is a self-limiting disease in which a patient can recover without getting healthcare. Although the Ministry says the outbreak is not a cause for alarm, the...